Depending on the kind of self-employment retirement plan your client chooses, they can make deductible contributions to it each year of 13% to 20% of their self-employed income. Some plans that can be used by people who own their own businesses are the simplified employee pension plan and the Keogh plan. Under the Keogh plan, also known as the money purchase arrangement, they are allowed to contribute up to 20% of their income per year. Under the simplified employee pension plan and the profit sharing Keogh plan, the contributions are limited to 13% of their income per year. Keep in mind, if your client employs people, they also have to make contributions to their retirement plans.
The deadline for the setup and deposit of a Keogh plan is December 31st. For the SEP, the deadline is the date your client files their tax return. If they file for an extension for their tax return, the deadline for their simplified employee pension plan may be the deadline of their extension.
The maximum contribution for money purchase arrangements is $30,000. The maximum contributions for profit sharing and SEP plans are $24,000. There is also another type of Keogh plan, known as a benefit defined plan that carries with it a maximum yearly contribution of up to $130,000. This amount will be increased with inflation each year. The point of this type of plan is to have a retirement distribution equal to your clients current income.
The scope of this article was to familiarize you with the basic type of retirement plans available to your clients who are self-employed. Now that we have acquainted you with the simplified employee pension plan, money purchase arrangement, profit sharing and benefit defined Keogh plans, it is up to you to decide which most accurately reflects your clients needs.